Against the grain

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"Paper which has been folded at right angles to the direction in which the fibers tend to lie...The term applies specifically to machine-made paper, as handmade paper has no definite grain direction."[1]


Related terms


Translations for "against the grain"

  • Danish: (translation needed)
  • Dutch: (translation needed)
  • German: (translation needed)
  • Latin: (translation needed)
  • Spanish: (translation needed)
  • Swedish: (translation needed)


  1. Roberts, Matt T. and Don Etherington. "Against the grain". Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books, A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology. Conservation Online, 1994. Web. December 3 2015.
  2. Sidoti, Alessandro. Personal correspondence. 11 September 2014.